Saturday, April 19, 2014

Growing Vertically

I am very interested in making the most of my space for my garden.  While one option is to get rid of most of my lawn, which I do plan to do one day, I am currently courting less drastic options.  Vertical growing is an excellent way to maximize use of space. There are many different ways that plants can use their plant parts to climb.

I am excited to apply vertical gardening to my squash plants this year, as they tend to sprawl out and dominate my garden.  Sunset and others suggests using an arched or slanted trellis to grow squash and melons, because the trellis will allow for good air circulation, reducing mildew and keeping the squash from rotting.  Some heavy dangling fruits require support like nylon slings to keep the fruit attached to the plant.

Picture of an arched squash trellis from computer programmer Jeff Epler's blog (http://emergent.unpythonic.net/)
A melon sling made using pantyhose from the Will Seed for Food blog.
A "cattle panel" fence piece used to create a slanted trellis for squash.  This is the design that I will likely go with for my garden.  This image is from the Trellis-netting company, which sells different types of vertical garden supports.  Gardener's Supply also sells this item.


We also plan on growing my cucumbers vertically.  I think we will use our fence trellis (pictured) to do this.  Veggie Gardener has great instructions on how to build a cucumber trellis.

This year, we are going to try to use "poles" to support our pole beans. We planted two bean plants for each pole.  As they grow, we plan to wrap them around each pole.

Here are the little bean plants near each pole.

We are also growing peas in our containers.  We plan on using plastic "chicken fence" as a lattice for our peas.  We will see how it goes.  We are growing our peas closer together this year in an attempt to get a bigger harvest.  Last year we yielded about 4 pea pods from our 4 pea plants growing on our fence trellis. 

Here is an expanded view of one of our two pea containers.


Last year, we had a lot of trouble with the tomatoes being unruly and taking over the garden.  We were using the Ultomato tomato supports last year with limited success.  I might try a different method this year so my garden will be more orderly.

The Florida weave is a popular way to support tomatoes, as it is cost and time effective.  This is how Wasatch Community Gardens supports most of their tomatoes.  This image is from an excellent article on tomato support by the Vegetable Gardener.

This photo is from Rick's Roots, where he describes a technique of using a weighted string to train tomatoes, while eliminating tomato suckers.  The Plant and Plate blog has some good directions for string training tomatoes.

This website has many excellent budget trellis designs.

3 comments:

  1. This is way cool Paul. I need a lot of help in the gardening department. We should chat sometime.

    April

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  2. The video on the post from Rick's Roots is way good. Thanks for sharing. I'm totally going to try that with indeterminate tomatoes this year. I love that arch for the squash too. A couple of years ago we made a tower of pumpkin using 6" square wire mesh that they put in driveways before pouring concrete. I made it into a 3.5 foot diameter tube and stood it on end. Then threaded the pumpkin vines up as they grew. When fruits appeared, I slid boards across like rungs in a ladder to set the pumpkins on. We got 5 or 6 pumpkins out of about 8 square feet of garden. You can kind of see a picture here. http://lucydrewblog4u.blogspot.com/2012/08/how-does-your-garden-grow.html#comment-form

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  3. Thanks April and Lucy. I like the pumpkin tower idea. My squash trellis is rocking right now.

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